Figures released by the National Statistics Institute (INE) show a drop in the average value of mortgages in Spain in February with a decrease of 12.5%, compared to the same period in 2011.
However, there was an increase of 4.8% in the number of existing mortgages that changed conditions, while the number of cancelled mortgages decreased 12.7%.
During the month of February, the average amount of mortgage constitutions recorded in the land registries stood at 112,179 euros, a figure 12.5% lower than the same month the previous year and 8.8% lower than that recorded in January 2012.
In the case of mortgages constituted for dwellings, the average amount was 104,868 euros, 14.6% less than in February 2011, and 2.2% less than that registered in January 2012.
The value of the mortgages constituted on urban properties was 4,615 million euros in February, indicating an interannual decrease of 50.1%. In dwellings, the capital loaned exceeded 2,770 million euros, 54.8% less.
Mortgages by institution
Banks were the institutions that granted the largest number of mortgage loans in February (66.0% of the total), followed by Savings Banks (16.7%) and Other financial institutions (17.3%).
Regarding the capital loaned, Banks granted 66.3% of the total, Savings Banks 17.5%, and other financial institutions 16.2%.
Mortgage interest rates
The average interest rate in February 2012 was 4.35%, indicating a 17.3% increase in the interannual rate, and a decrease of 1.6% as compared with January 2012.
By institution, the average interest rate of Savings Bank mortgage loans was 4.23%, and the average term was 23 years. Regarding Banks, the average interest rate for mortgage loans was 4.54%, and the average term was 21 years.
94.2% of the mortgages constituted in February used a variable interest rate, as opposed to the 5.8% that used a fixed rate. Within the variables, the Euribor was the reference interest rate most used in constituting mortgages, specifically in 86.5% of new contracts.
Mortgages with registration changes
In February, the total number of mortgages with changes in their conditions recorded in the land registries stood at 32,588, with an interannual increase of 4.8%. For housing, the number of mortgages with modified conditions decreased 6.9%.
Considering the type of modification of the conditions, in February 26,428 novations (or modifications produced within the same financial institution) were produced, for an interannual increase of 2.8%. The number of transactions that changed institutions (subrogations creditor) was 4,516, that is 20.8% more. In turn, 1,644 mortgages changed the holder of the mortgaged property (subrogations debtor), which implied an increase of 0.7%.
Number of mortgages with changes in interest rate conditions
Of the 32,588 mortgages with changes in their conditions recorded in the land registries in February, 24.9% were due to changes in interest rates.
The percentage of mortgages at a fixed interest rate decreased after the change in conditions (from 9.3% to 4.1% of the total), since most of these loans were referenced to a variable interest rate. Within the interest rate structure, the Euribor was the main reference. The lowest average interest before the change was that corresponding to MRTI of Banks (4.44%) and after the change was Other Interest rates (3.72%).
After the modification of conditions, the average interest of the loans decreased 0.97 points in fixed interest rate mortgages, and decreased 0.71 points in variable interest rate mortgages.
Registered mortgage cancellations
In February, 40,658 mortgage cancellations were registered, 12.7% less than in the same month of 2011. Mortgages cancelled on rustic properties increased 9.6%, whilst those cancelled on urban properties decreased 13.4%. Cancellations of mortgages on dwellings decreased 16.6% in the interannual rate.
The highest numbers of mortgaged properties per 100,000 inhabitants¹ was in Illes Balears (169). There is no community that presented a positive variation rate. The greatest negative variation rates was registered in La Rioja (-70.8%).
Pais Vasco registered the highest average mortgaged amount (169,482). The Autonomous Community presenting the highest positive variation rates was Cantabria (26.4%).
The Communities showing the highest number of properties with modified conditions in February per 100,000 inhabitants¹ were Comunitat Valenciana (156) and Castilla-La Mancha (132). Those having the greatest number of registered mortgage cancellations per 100,000 inhabitants¹ were La Rioja (184), and Comunitat Valenciana (156).
¹ This data was calculated from the revision of the figures of the Municipal Register for the year 2011. Only the population aged 18 to 84 years old was considered.
You can read the full press release here: Mortgage Statistics – February 2012