Employment in Spain Fell by 0.4% in Q3

The number of people employed in Spain fell by 0.4% in the third quarter of 2013 compared to the previous three months, when it had dropped by five tenths, according to the European Commission statistics office, Eurostat, which highlighted that employment in both the eurozone and in the whole of the EU remained stable for the second consecutive month.

The data provided by the European statistical agency indicate that a total of 223.2 million people were in employment in the EU in the third quarter of the year, of which 145 million were in the eurozone.

By country, the largest increases in employment in the third quarter were recorded in Portugal (+1.2%), Ireland (+1.1%), the United Kingdom (+0.6%) and Luxembourg (+0.5%).

spain.jobs
Employment in Spain Fell by 0.4% in Q3

In contrast, the most significant declines in employment were recorded in Estonia and Lithuania (both -1.5%), Cyprus (-1.4%), Finland (-1.2%) and Greece (-0.7%).

In annual terms, employment in Spain fell by 2.9%, year-on-year, the same percentage as in Greece and the second largest in the EU after Cyprus (-6%).

El Economista reported that in the whole of the eurozone, employment dropped by eight tenths compared to a year ago, less than the second quarter figure of 1.1%, while in the European Union it fell by three tenths, after two quarters registering a year-on-year decrease of 0.6%.

Article source: Kyero.com

Spain in Figures 2012

Spain in Figures 2012
Spain in Figures 2012

The National Institute of Statistics have released their annual publication Spain in Figures.

The document is designed to give interested parties a general and updated perspective of Spain. This publication is informative and direct, and provides statistical information regarding Spain and its status in Europe.

Spain in Figures contains information relating to population, health care, employment, industry, energy and more and gives a great insight.

For those who don’t have time to read the complete report (58 pages) here are some points that I found interesting.

  • In 2009 Spain produced 8% of the total air pollution in the EU. 25.7% of that was generated by transport.
  • 2011 was the warmest year in Spain for 40 years with an average temperature of 16°C.
  • In 2009 Spain generated 24.8 million tonnes of urban waste, 5.9% less than in 2008.
  • On January 1st 2011, The population of Spain stood at 47.2 million.
  • 12.2% of the population registered in Spain in 2011 was foreign, this figure reaching 5.7 million persons, 0.1% more than the previous year.
  • 62,611 Spaniards moved abroad in 2011.
  • In 2011 Spain received a total of 56.7 million international tourists, representing an interannual increase of 7.6%.

You can download the report in chapters, or in one document, from the INE website: Spain in Figures 2012

Long term unemployment up 43% in 2011

INEThe number of people that have been unemployed for three years or more increased 43.0% in 2011, according to new figures released by the National Statistics Institute (INE).

Most Spanish workers had a boss but no subordinates in the year 2011. According to the results of the subsample variables of the Economically Active Population Survey, seven out of 10 workers were in this situation, since they had jobs as employees (with a boss and without subordinates).

9.9% of the total employed persons in 2011 were independent workers (without a boss or subordinates); 6.6% were managers; 7.0% were directors of small companies, departments or branches; 5.7% were middle managers, and 0.8% were directors of large or medium-sized companies.

The percentage of employees remained the same with regard to 2010, that is, at 69.8%, whereas the percentage of managers decreased two tenths.

By sex, the percentage of male directors at least doubled the percentage of female directors, in all company sizes. In the case of the employee job, the percentage of women (77.6%) exceeded the percentage of men (63.4%).

Working conditions

92.6% of the persons employed in 2011 did not work any day in their home. 2.7% did so occasionally, and 4.0% worked from home on over half of their working days.

One in three persons (35.0%) worked at least one Saturday per month, one tenth more than in 2010. For 62.5% of employed persons, Saturday was not part of their working week in 2011.

Working on Sundays was again less customary. 78.6% of employed persons did not work any Sunday. In turn, 4.3% worked one Sunday a month (two tenths more than the previous year) and 15.9% two or more Sundays (five tenths more).

12.2% of employed persons worked the night shift (11.6% in 2010). 6.1% did so occasionally, and 6.1% on more than half of their working days. The percentage of male night shift workers (14.6%) surpassed the number of female night shift workers (9.3%).

Considering the type of hiring, the percentage of wage earners hired though a temporary employment agency (TEA) decreased from 3.0% to 2.7% in 2011, whilst 2.5% found employment through the intermediation of a public employment office (one tenth more than in 2010).

Dependency

A total of 359,500 persons worked part-time, for the purpose of having more time available to care for dependent persons in the year 2011, which were 0.6% less than in 2010.

Almost the entirety of those working part-time, in order to simultaneously work as carers, were women. 55.9% of them were of the opinion that there were not adequate services for caring for dependants, or they were unable to afford them.

Unemployed persons

The majority of unemployed persons were previously employed. In fact, for 52.1% of them, the main reason for having stopped working in the year 2011 was the end of the contract.

The number of unemployed persons who left their last job three or more years ago increased 43.0%, reaching 704,900. This figure accounted for 15.4% of the total unemployed persons, 3.9 points higher than in 2010.

You can download the full report here: Economically Active Population Survey – Subsample variables Year 2011

The search for work leads out of Spain

The number of people leaving Spain to look for work is now greater than the number of immigrants who arrive in the country in search of a job.

The National Statistics Institute, INE, has calculated that half a million people have left Spain this year, of whom more than 50,000 are Spaniards. Meanwhile the number of immigrants to arrive in 2008 and 2009 was down by more than 50%. The general sub-director of the INE considers that the exodus will continue until 2020.

450,000 people are expected to arrive in Spain this year, compared to the 580,850 who will leave the country in search of work.

Since 2008 the deterioration of the Spanish labour market has been unstoppable, with unemployment reaching 21.52%, and few think that number has reached its peak.

Currently foreigners represent 10.28% of the total number of people affiliated to the Spanish Social Security system.

The Partido Popular is expected to overturn the legislation which allows an immigrant who has been in the country for three years to apply for residency. If the immigrant has been in an illegal situation for those three years, the PP plans to deny the residency option.

Currently there are 5,144,269 immigrants living legally in Spain with current residency papers. Of those 2,476,334 come from the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland, and the rest, 2,667,935 come from countries such as Morocco, Ecuador, Colombia, China, Bolivia and Peru among others.

From Typically Spanish