The “Padrón” is the list of all the people who live in a certain town. “Empadronarse” is the act of registering yourself on this list at your local Town Hall.
Who should be registered?
Officially all residents in Spain are required by law to register on the padrón, yet many still have not done so. The “Padrón” is the way the Town Hall knows how many people live in their area without having to make any investigations as to a person’s official residence status or financial affairs.
The information provided at registration is confidential and protected by data protection laws and will not be provided to any other official or private entity.
What are the benefits?
Better public services
The Central Government allocates money to the different municipalities according to how many people are on the “Padrón”. Therefore, if you are not registered, your Town Hall is losing money for the provision of health centres, doctors, police officers, firefighters and schools.
Access to benefits and social care
You must be on the “Padrón” for a certain period of time to take advantage of some income-related benefits and other aspects of social care available through social services at your Town Hall. Those on the “Padrón” can enjoy discounted courses, leisure and cultural activities run by the Town Hall.
In order to register for local or European elections, you must first be registered on the “Padrón”, as this is where the Census Office in Malaga collects the data when preparing the electoral roll. When you register, you should also ask for the form to register for the vote in these elections.
Because this document is your official proof of address, you will need your “Padrón” certificate to carry out almost any administrative task such as registering for healthcare, registering your car with Spanish number plates or any procedure carried out at the Traffic Headquarters, enrolling your children in Spanish schools, etc.
What documents are necessary to register?
- Original passport and photocopy/NIE or Certificate of Registration with the National Police Foreign Office and photocopy
- Proof of ownership of property (either your title deeds or a rates receipt in your name and a photocopy).
- If you do not own a property and are renting, your rental contract in Spanish and photocopy will be necessary.
- If you do not own a property and you are not renting, you have to come with the owner of the dwelling in order for him to sign the registration form, authorising you to register at his property.
- All family members over the age of 18, have to sign the registration form.
This certificate is valid for three months but can be issued again upon request.
Does it need to be renewed?
The Town Hall will send you a notification at the address on the “Padrón” if and when renewal becomes necessary.
Part 7: Spanish Wills and Inheritance Tax – Available Tuesday 27th
If a non-resident dies in Spain, without a will, the estate in Spain will be distributed according to the Spanish laws of inheritance. Let us take as an example a man who dies leaving 3 children and a spouse. Continued tomorrow…
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